I'm getting this error using Xamarin Studio 6.3 (build 863) on Xamarin Forms app with I "Run in Test Cloud". I have the project hooked up to Mobile Azure where it builds from source then runs the startup test on Xamarin Test Cloud. That works fine... I've tried all types of builds and build targets, cleared bin and obj folders... everything I can think of. The Android project / UITest uploads and runs fine using "Run in Test Cloud".
Any help would be appreciated.