The problem is present in both Visual Studio Enterprise 2015 (v 14.0.25431.01 Update 3) and Visual Studio Enterprise 2017 (build 26228.09 and build 26228.10).
My computer is in active directory. When I run Visual Studio 2017 as user the "Analyze -> Xamarin Profiler" menu item is disabled (painted in grey color). But when I run Visual Studio 2017 as administrator the "Analyze -> Xamarin Profiler" menu item is available for usage.
For Visual Studio 2015 it's disabled even in administrator mode.
I tried to reinstall Xamarin Profiler, but it is not helped.
How to fix it?